In a previous post, we discussed how the Varieties of Democracy “V-Dem” project measures “political equality.” V-Dem is an expert survey. They guide the expert-respondents’ attention to particular groups’ political equality. These groups are: (a) socioeconomic position, (b) social groups, (c) gender, and (d) sexual orientation.
In this post, we discuss how they measure “Power distributed by gender.”
V-Dem: “Power distributed by gender”
V-Dem asks, “Is political power distributed according to gender?”
The two groups are men and women.
As with the others thus far, the scale ranges from zero to four, upwardly toward equality. The two groups are compared only with respect to “political power.”
The difference between (0) and (1) is slight. At (0), men have a “near-monopoly.” At step (1), men have a “dominant hold” and women have “marginal influence” (note the conflation of the terms, power and influence). The difference between (1) and (2) is also slight. At Step (2) men have much more than women, which I guess is somewhat less than a “dominant hold.”
Only at Step (3) do we see a clearer difference, where men have “somewhat more.”
Finally, at Step (4), we do not have complete equality, but “roughly equal” amounts.
Apparently, according to V-Dem, that is the highest level of gender equality society can aspire to.